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World Energy Outlook 2022 PDF

World energy consumption rises nearly 50% from 620 quadrillion Btu in 2018 to 910 quadrillion Btu in 2050 4 0. 100. 200. 300. 400. 500. 600. 700. 800. 900. 1000. 2010. 2020. 2030. 2040. International Energy Outlook 2019. Dr. Linda Capuano, CSIS IEO2019, September 24, 2019. Despite a less carbon intensive fuel mix, growth in energy. 4 World Energy Outlook 2019 capacity under construction worldwide), provides coal with considerable staying power in the Stated Policies Scenario. Renewables are the main challenger to coal in Asia's power sector, led by China and India. Developing countries in Asia account for over half of the global growth in generation from renewables Equinor5 Energy Perspectives 2018 Reform, Renewal, Rivalry To 2050 ExxonMobil6 Outlook for Energy 2018 [unnamed central scenario] To 2040 IEA7 World Energy Outlook 2018 Current Policies (CPS), New Policies (NPS), Sustainable Development (SDS) To 2040 IEEJ8 Outlook 2019 Reference To 2050 OPEC9 World Oil Outlook 2018 Reference To 204 World Energy Outlook 2019 - presentation Author: WANNER Brent, IEA/GEE/EMU Subject: Autumn conference 2019 Created Date: 12/2/2019 12:44:34 PM. Energy matters to everyone and we all play a role in shaping its future. OUTLOOK FOR ENERGY: A PERSPECTIVE TO 2040 The 2019 Outlook for Energy is ExxonMobil's latest view of energy demand and supply through 2040. For many years the Outlook has helped inform ExxonMobil's long-term business strategies, investment plans and research programs

World Energy Outlook 2019 - Analysis - IE

The World Energy Outlook (WEO) is the gold standard of long-term energy analysis. The 2018 edition provides updated analysis to show what the latest data, technology trends and policy announcements might mean for the energy sector to 2040. It also outlines an integrated way to meet multiple sustainable development goals: limiting the global. Annual Energy Outlook 2021. The Annual Energy Outlook presents an assessment by the U.S. Energy Information Administration of the outlook for energy markets through 2050.. Press Presentation PDF PPT. The Annual Energy Outlook narrative The Annual Energy Outlook narrative is the primary discussion of the Annual Energy Outlook:. Introduction; Consumption. •EIA's International Energy Outlook 2017 (IEO2017) presents an assessment of long-term world energy markets. The IEO2017 is the first ed ition of this report to include mo del results through 2050, which are available on the IEO page of the EIA website . The graphics in this presen tation focus on projections through 2040

Global Energy Perspective 2019: Reference Case January 201

World Energy Outlook - Topics - IE

  1. Outlook for Energy: A perspective to 2040. The 2019 Outlook for Energy is ExxonMobil's latest view of energy demand and supply through 2040. For many years the Outlook has helped inform ExxonMobil's long-term business strategies, investment plans and research programs. Report Aug. 28, 2019
  2. nuclear energy and renewables. • PDF versions and PowerPoint slide packsof the charts, maps and graphs, plus an Excel workbook of the data. • Regional and country factsheets. • Videos and speeches. Energy Outlook Watch the BP Energy Outlook 2017 video, containing our projections of long-term energy trends to 2035. Download the booklet an
  3. WEO World Energy Outlook WTO World Trade Organization . Conversion of Primary Electricity to Standardized Energy Units 2018; U.S. EIA, 2019. Glossary of Selected Terms Final Electricity - Electricity consumed at the point of end -use, including electricity generate
  4. World Energy Outlook 2019 effetti della crescita economica e demografica prevista su scala mondiale. L'aumento delle emissioni rallenta, ma in mancanza di un picco loro entro il 2040, il mondo si pone ben lontano dal raggiungimento degli obiettivi di sostenibilità condivisi a livello internazionale
  5. Offshore Wind Outlook 2019 is the most comprehensive global study on the subject to date, combining the latest technology and market developments with a specially commissioned new geospatial analysis. Offshore wind currently provides just 0.3% of global power generation, but its potential is vast. Much work remains to be done by governments and.

World Energy Outlook 2018 - Analysis - IE

Global energy use grows by 36%, with non-OECD countries -led by China, where demand surges by 75% -accounting for almost all of the increase World primary energy demand by region in the New Policies Scenario 0 2 000 4 000 6 000 8 000 10 000 12 000 14 000 16 000 18 000 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 oe Rest of world China OEC 246 World Energy Outlook 2017 Global Energy rends In the United States, solar PV (and wind power) is set for strong growth over the medium term, but then capacity growth slows, on the assumption that the Clean Power Plan is not implemented at the federal level. State-level action and competitive costs help renewable 6 Gulf Coast Energy Outlook 2019 While PADD 3 natural gas production is down somewhat from its 2011 peak of more than 43 Bcf/day, production trends over the past six years show a resilient resource base that continues to produce World Energy Outlook 2020 Laura Cozzi Chief Energy Modeller, 10 November, Colorado School of Mines. Average annual GDP growth (2019-30) Energy demand 90 100 110 120 WEO-2019 Stated Policies Scenario 2019 2025 2030 Delayed Recovery Scenario Delayed Recovery ScenarioStated Policies ScenarioWEO-2019 2023 but the world is still a long way. Home | University of Technology Sydne

EYE ON THE MARKET • ENERGY OUTLOOK 2019 Mountains and Molehills: Mountains and Molehills. The Green New Deal mandates zero net emissions for the US by 2030 for the entire energy sector (not just from electricity generation), and does so while phasing out nuclear power and relying heavily on carbon sequestration by forests The global energy transformation is happening, driven by the dual imperatives of limiting climate change and fostering sustainable growth. An unprecedented decline in renewable energy costs, new opportunities in energy efficiency, digitalisation, smart technologies and electrification solutions are some of the key enablers behind this trend

Annual Energy Outlook 2021 - U

IRENA (2019), Future of wind: Deployment, investment, technology, 2.2Onshore wind outlook to 2050 24 2.3 Offshore wind outlook to 2050 42 the world's energy system 16 eFigur 2. Renwese balm, es ur seaboosedt nadon, i tac i f i r tec lbyeync i c i f f e l ia nat ut bss can provide over 90% of necessary CO₂ emission reductions by 2050.. EXHIBIT 3 | Share of Energy Sources in Overall Global Energy Consumption Source: BP Outlook 2019 0 5,000 10,000 20,000 15,000 1970 2010 2040 Million tons of oil equivalent 1980 1990 2000 2017 2020 2030 +2.2% +1.2% Oil Gas Coal Nuclear Hydro Renewable Source : International Energy Agency World Energy Outlook. 2019. Primary energy use, past and future Mtoe, with projections based on IEA Stated Policies Scenario China:2,044 Mtoe. 3 To reinforce the point on transfer of production to the developing world, consider coal-fired electricit World Energy Outlook Series zWorld Energy Outlook 1998 zWorld Energy Outlook 1999 Insights: Looking at Energy Subsidies: Getting the Prices Right zWorld Energy Outlook 2000 zWorld Energy Outlook 2001 Insights: Assessing Today's Supplies to Fuel Tomorrow's Growth zWorld Energy Outlook 2002 (2nd edition issued) zWorld Energy Outlook 2003 Insights: Global Energy Investment Outlook IRENA (2020), Global Renewables Outlook: Energy transformation 2050 (Edition: 2020), International Renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi. ISBN 978-92-9260-238-3 (for the full report cited above

Energy Outlook downloads and archive Energy economics Hom

IEA - International Energy Agency - IE

In a continuous effort to provide users with more timely data, the 2020 edition of IEA's World energy balances has been expanded to increase data coverage for the most recent (2019) year: Coverage of total electricity generation by product has been extended, now including 43 non-OEC The global energy landscape is evolving at a rapid pace, reshaping long-held expectations for our energy future. The 2014 edition of the World Energy Outlook (WEO) will incorporate all the latest data and developments to produce a comprehensive and authoritative analysis of medium- and longer-term energy trends. It will complement a full set of energy projections - which extend from today.

Global growth for 2018 is estimated at 3.7 percent, as in the October 2018 World Economic Outlook (WEO) forecast, despite weaker performance in some economies, notably Europe and Asia. The global economy is projected to grow at 3.5 percent in 2019 and 3.6 percent in 2020, 0.2 and 0.1 percentage point below last October's projections World Energy Outlook 2019 - by Dr. Fatih Birol PDF 332 KB. The speakers. IEA Executive Director Dr. Fatih Birol will present the World Energy Outlook 2019. We are pleased to announce that Chair, Principles for Responsible Investment Martin Skancke and Dr. Carolyn Woo, the President's Fellow for Global Development at Purdue University, U.S.A.

Outlook for Energy ExxonMobi

  1. The sector is critical for the energy transition - in 2019, emissions from power were 14Gt CO2, making up 40 per cent of global carbon emissions1. Progress is under way in the transition to renewable power 6 IRENA, Global Renewables Outlook 2020, IEA, World Energy Outlook 2020.
  2. Energy Agency (IEA) and, notably, the guidance from Tim Gould and his colleagues on the World Energy Outlook team. The projections in this Outlook were based on energy balances provided by the IEA. The individuals and organizations that contributed to this study are not responsible for any opinions or judgments contained herein
  3. Home .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platfor
  4. India Energy Efficiency Scale-Up Program. The World Bank is working with India on sweeping energy efficiency measures across residential and industrial sectors that aim to avoid lifetime GHG emissions of 170 million tons of CO2 and contribute to avoiding an estimated 10 GW of additional generation capacity
  5. Source: IEA, World Energy Outlook, 2019 edition (WEO2019) Overall, the report suggests the share of renewable generation—not capacity—could nearly double, from 26% today to 44% in 2040.

International Energy Outlook 202

Energy Storage Grand Challenge Energy Storage Market Report 2020 December 2020 ROW rest of the world SLI starting, lighting, and ignition STEPS Stated Policies (IEA) (2011-2019) global CAES power deployment.....31 Figure 36. U.S. CAES resource estimate 32 Figure 37.. Full Committee Hearing on IEA's World Energy Outlook. The hearing will be held on Thursday, February 28, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. EST in Room 366 of the Dirksen Senate Office Building in Washington, DC. The purpose of the hearing is to examine prospects for global energy markets, including the role of the United States from the perspective of the.

Outlook for Energy: A perspective to 2040 ExxonMobi

The 2019 Outlook for Energy is ExxonMobil's latest view of energy demand and supply through 2040. For many years the Outlook has helped inform ExxonMobil's long-term business strategies, investment plans and research programs. Outlook for Energy Report • Aug. 28, 2019 The Energy Department is leading the charge in reducing U.S. dependence on these materials by reducing the amount of these materials needed for battery production and recycling the materials that are already in use

The World Energy Outlook does not aim to provide a view on where the energy world will be in 2030 or 2040. This will depend on hugely important choices that lie ahead. What the WEO-2019 does aim to do is to inform decision-makers as they design new policies or consider new investments or shape our energy future in other ways 23. IEA (2019) Key World Energy Statistics 2019. 24.Arntzen, E., et al. (2013) Evaluating greenhouse gas emissions from hydropower complexes on large rivers in Eastern Washington. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. 25. Kumar, A. and T. Schei (2011) Hydropower. Cambridge University Press. 26 Language selection - Natural Resources Canada / Sélection.

The global Energy Saving Switch market was valued at xx million in 2020 and is projected to reach US$ xx million by 2027, at a CAGR of xx% during the forecast period., Research has surveyed the Energy Saving Switch manufacturers, suppliers, distributors and industry experts on this industry, involving the sales, revenue, demand, price change. July 2, 2021 — Energy commodity prices continued their upward surge in June, rising 9.4%. This follows a 7.2% rise in May. Non-energy prices eased 1.4% in June, after rising 6.5% in May. Results were mixed for key subgroups, with agriculture commodities down 2.3%, fertilizers up 12.9%, and metals and minerals down 1.2%. Precious metals fell 1.1%

Source: International Energy Agency, 2018 World Energy Outlook, New Policies scenario. Other includes biofuels. Note: 95 million barrels per day in total (2017) Figure 2 shows the International Energy Agency's reference case global oil demand growth forecast. It indicates that little growth in oil demand is expected in the passenger vehicl The World Energy Outlook, the IEA's flagship publication, provides a comprehensive view of how the global energy system could develop in the coming decades. This year's exceptional circumstances require an exceptional approach. The World Energy Outlook 2020 is firmly focused on the next 10 years, exploring in detail the impacts of the Covid.

GET FREE SAMPLE PDF: revenue and global market share of Sports-Energy Drinks in 2018 and 2019. revenue and market share for key countries in the world, from 2016 to 2021.and Sports-Energy. During 2019, US became the 2 nd world gas exporter after Russia overtaking Qatar. Big step forward for LNG that now accounts for 38% of total traded gas, gaining 4% share in one single year (34% in 2018). Solar energy continued to dominate renewable capacity expansion with a yearly increase of 20%, doubling the 10.5% growth recorded by wind Energy Outlook, 2019 edition World Energy Outlook 2018 SAGITTARIUS NOVEMBER 2020, GET READY FOR A SHAKEUP!⚡⭐ World Energy Outlook 2019 - Press Conference Amid Pandemic, Renewables Now Supply More Energy than Coal in the U.S.Oil price \u0026 Energy long-term outlook, 28 Oct 2020 The Outlook For Energy 2019 Project Peer Review Red Rock Biofuels Project Update March 5, 2019. diesel project in the world. 2. 1: Project Overview. 1: Project Overview. Project . and Site International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook 2016; Exxon Mobil 2017 Outlook; U.S. Environmenta The World Bank Group's Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) 2014-2018 was extended to FY20 through a Performance and Learning Review in 2018, and further extended under the WBG COVID-19 Crisis Response Approach Paper supports the Governments' second and third Medium-Term Plans spanning 2013-2022, which operationalizes the country's longer-term Vision 2030

Renewable energy alone will account for more than a third of all energy jobs employing 43 million people globally, supporting the post-COVID recovery and long-term economic growth. IRENA's World Energy Transitions Outlook sees renewables-based energy systems instigating profound changes that will reverberate across economies and societies On the positive side, the cost of wind and solar power has decreased a lot in the past years. So much that it's now cheaper to get additional energy capacity from renewable sources than from fossil fuels. Wind and solar are now cheapest across more than two-thirds of the world. - Bloomberg, New Energy Outlook 2019 1h Free Analyst Time. Speak directly to the analyst to clarify any post sales queries you may have. United Kingdom Biopower Analysis - Market Outlook to 2030, Update 2021 is the latest report from the publisher, the industry analysis specialist, that offers comprehensive information and understanding of the biopower market in the United Kingdom 3EFIC, South Korea -New energy policy good for Australian LNG butnot coal,July 2017. 4R, South Korea finalizes energy plan to boost renewable power generation,29thDecember 2017. 5S&P Platts, South Korea to cut LNG taxes by 74% in April, raise thermal coal tax by 27%,1 February 2019. 6BNEF, New Energy Outlook 201

Video: Offshore Wind Outlook 2019 - Analysis - IE

As further comparisons, SolarPower Europe puts Saudi PV additions during 2019-23 at 4.6-11.4-14.4 GW (low, medium, and high cases), compared to this study's 11.9 GW; the UAE at 5.41 GW (medium case) compared to 5.9 GW in this study; and Egypt at 4.36 GW, compared to 1.56 GW in this study. The IEA sees potential in Iraq for 21 GW of solar PV and 5 GW of wind by 2030 compared to 7 GW and 1.5. WORLD ENERGY SCENARIOS | 2019 2 FOREWORD We have entered the age of disruptions. Technological innovations, climate change and more tense geopolitics are reshaping the world of energy. The World Energy Scenarios provide the perfect tool for assessing these macro-uncertainties and crafting a strategic response, whether you are an energy World Energy Outlook 2019 International Energy Agency The World Energy Outlook series is a leading source of strategic insight on the future of energy and energy-related emissions, providing detailed scenarios that map out the consequences of different energy policy and investment choices America according to the World Energy Outlook 2018 published by the International Energy Agency • All new builds are expected to make use of HPMs, which are assumed to be commercially available for NGCC applications in 2030. Total Potential NGCC Export Market for U.S. HPMs: 430 G Source: Energy Insights, EIA 1H 2022 1H 2014 1H 2015 1H 2016 1H 2017 1H 2018 1H 2019 1H 2020 1H 2021 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Supply disruption Global recession Base case Historical Supply disruption continues Volatile 2018 prices lead to skepticism towards offshore investment decisions. OPEC Gulf lacks spare capacity to ste

Global Energy Transformatio

Abstract The Global Energy Progress Report 2019 provides a global dashboard on progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG7), which sets 2030 targets for reaching universal access to electricity and clean fuels and technologies for cooking, substantially increasing the share of renewable energy in the global mix, and doubling the rate of improvement of energy efficiency (2019-30) Energy demand 90 100 110 120 WEO-2019 Stated Policies Scenario 2019 2025 2030 Delayed Recovery Scenario Delayed Recovery ScenarioStated Policies ScenarioWEO-2019 2023 (2019=100) A longer pandemic would usher in the slowest decade of energy demand growth for a centur WEO = World Economic Outlook. 1/ Difference based on rounded figures for the current and April 2019 World Economic Outlook forecasts. Countries whose forecasts have been updated relative to April 2019 World Economic Outlook forecasts account for 90 percent of world GDP measured at purchasing-power-parity weights - currently the largest source of energy - the world might consume by 2050, in three different scenarios. Advances in renewable energy, technological innovation, and strict low-carbon policies will play a critically important role over the next 30 years, but oil is likely to remain a significant part of the energy mix over this timeline

Principales conclusiones del World Energy Outlook 2013

Source: IEA (2018) World Energy Outlook 2018, www.iea.or DOI: 10.1504/IJETM.2007.013239 Corpus ID: 44979967. World energy consumption and resources: an outlook for the rest of the century @article{Beretta2007WorldEC, title={World energy consumption and resources: an outlook for the rest of the century}, author={G. Beretta}, journal={International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management}, year={2007}, volume={7}, pages={99-112} World Ban The Global PDF Editor Market is estimated to be USD 1.94 Bn in 2020 and is expected to reach USD 2.94 Bn by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 8.68%.Market DynamicsKey factors such as the growing demand. The global expansion has weakened. Global growth for 2018 is estimated at 3.7 percent, as in the October 2018 World Economic Outlook (WEO) forecast, despite weaker performance in some economies, notably Europe and Asia. The global economy is projected to grow at 3.5 percent in 2019 and 3.6 percent in 2020, 0.2 and 0.1 percentage point below last October's projections

Fossil Fuels Still King in EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook

Energy Perspectives - long-term macro and market outlook

In October 2020, the International Energy Agency (IEA) published its annual flagship, the World Energy Outlook (WEO) 2020. Analysts and politicians observe and use the IEA's scenarios as an outlook on the energy market of tomorrow. Read more about the main themes and aspects of this year's WEO in our series. In the first article, we put the WEO 2020 into context and explai The IEA's New Energy Outlook Comforts No One Liam Denning. November 13, 2019, 10:28 AM EST to just reach for ready-made statistics — the World Energy Outlook tends to be treated as a. GDP at factor cost. The column labeled 2019 refers to FY2018/19. 3.The column labeled 2018 refers to FY2018/19. 4.World growth rates are calculated using purchasing power parity (PPP) weights, which attribute a greater share of global GDP to EMDEs than market exchange rates. 5.World trade volume of goods and non-factor services. 6 Chapter 2 Energy Demand and Supply Outlook: Business-as-Usual Case 13 2.1 Main Assumptions 14 2.2 Primary Energy Demand by Type 18 2.3 Primary Energy Demand by Region 23 2.4 Energy Intensity 26 2.5 Energy Production and Imports 28 Chapter 3 Sectoral Energy Demand Outlook: Business-as-Usual Case 37 3.1 Sectoral Energy Demand Outlook 3

OEC

There are 34 billion pieces of digital equipment in the world in 2019, with 4.1 billion users. The mass of this digital world amounts to 223 million tonnes - the equivalent of 179 million cars (5 times the number of cars in France). 1.1 FOOTPRINT In 2019, the global digital environmental footprint equates to the following The energy sector is the single largest source of climate-changing greenhouse-gas emissions and limiting these is an essential focus of action. The World Energy Outlook has published detailed analysis of the energy contribution to climate change for many years. But, amid majo In the first half of 2019, world semiconductor billings declined by almost 15 per cent compared to the same period last year. Meanwhile, global automobile sales have contracted in the first seven.

Resources and Energy Quarterly - June 2018(PDF) Status and Opportunities for Offshore WindCase GES - Netherlands Water Partnership Magazine

2020 Gulf Coast Energy Outlook David E. Dismukes - LSU Center for Energy Studies Dek Terrell - LSU E. J. Ourso College of Business Gregory B. Upton, Jr. - LSU Center for Energy Studies Release Date: Fall 2019 Acknowledgment The GCEO would not have been possible without the help of many who contributed both time and financial resources The Energy Commission in fulfilment of its mandate under the Energy Commission Act (Act 541, 1997) presents supply and demand forecasts for electricity, crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas for the year 2020. Electricity 1. As at the end of 2019, the installed electricity generation capacity available for gri Download report Eng (pdf) Sections in this edition: Recent economic development and outlook (p. 9) Selected issue notes - The Baht's Appreciation and Implications (p.12) - Investment Plans and Policies for the Energy and Transport Sectors (p.31) - Details of the Financial Acts approved in the past six months (p.42 The prices for gas, oil and hard coal are falling from today's level. Since the last update of the World Energy Outlook, gas prices in particular have fallen significantly, which is mainly due to the European hydrogen strategy. You can read more information about the changes in the World Energy Outlook 2020 in our blog post. The development. The CSIS Energy & National Security Program is pleased to host the U.S. launch of BloombergNEF's New Energy Outlook 2019. The New Energy Outlook 2019 will be presented by Seb Henbest, New Energy Outlook Lead Author and Head of Europe, Middle East & Africa at BloombergNEF. New Energy Outlook is BloombergNEF's annual economic forecast for the world's power sector

WORLD TRADE REPORT 2019 6 Key facts and findings • Trade in services has expanded faster than trade in goods between 2005 and 2017, at 5.4 per cent per year on average. • When commercial presence in another country (mode 3) is accounted for, trade in services wa USGS Energy Resources Program provides periodic assessments of the oil and natural gas endowment of the United States and the World. This website provides access to new, prioritized, assessment results and supporting data for the United States, as part of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA)

Searching for a Middle-Power Role in a New World Order

Section 4 Global Energy Ball Market Segmentation (Region Level) 4.1 North America Country 4.1.1 United States Energy Ball Market Size and Price Analysis 2015-2020 4.1.2 Canada Energy Ball Market. Commodity Markets Outlook provides market analysis for major commodity groups -- energy, metals, agriculture, precious metals, and fertilizers. The report forecasts prices for 46 key commodities, including oil. It is published in April and October. The October 2019 report has a special focus on the role of substitution in commodity demand International Gas Union Reaction to the IEA World Energy Outlook 2019. in General Energy News 14/11/2019. Cover: Global Gas Report 2019. Click image to download PDF Eni: energy company | En

Conference on Carbon Dioxide as Feedstock - Agro & ChemistryPETRONAS - Activity Outlook 2020-2022

Energy and Extractives account for 28% of the portfolio; Health, nutrition and population 27%; followed by transport and social protection and jobs at 8% each. The IDA18 resource envelope for Sierra Leone is approximately $320 million, all of which is expected to be delivered by the end of FY19. Last Updated: Oct 13, 2019 Chemical output in Europe is on course to grow a meager 0.5% to $620 billion in 2019, according to the European Chemical Industry Council, Europe's leading chemical industry group. We remain. Source: IEA, World Energy Outlook 2018, Sustainable Development. Report date: November 2018. Forecasts and/or estimates provided herein are subject to change and may not actually come to pass. Cost of capital continues to decline for utilities, justifying in part the expansion of trading multiples: DISPLAY 3 U.S. Utilities (XLU) One-Year Betas. SDG target 7.3 is to increase the global rate of improvement in energy eciency by 2030 to 2.6 percent annually (doubling the average of 1.3 percent achieved annually between 1990 and 2010).1 The. Note: Uses general and air conditioning electricity demand projections from BNEF's June 24, 2019 New Energy Outlook 2019 research note. Percentages refer to the extra electricity demand generated by EVs in 2030 and 2040. The green shaded area in the chart on the left is demand from EVs. Impacts on the grid and climate BNEF outlook